Testicular Cancer Symptoms
As its name suggests, testicular cancer occurs in the testicles, which produce male sex hormone and sperms. The testes are located in the loose bag hanging underneath the penis, known as scrotum. Though rare, compared to other forms of cancer, testicular cancer affects men aged between 15 and 35 years. This type of cancer can be treated even when it has spread beyond the testes
Symptoms of Testicular Cancer
Testicular cancer symptoms may include:
- Pain in the abdomen or groin
- Painless lump in one of the testicles
- Sudden fluid buildup in the scrotum
- One of the testicles feels heavy or firm
- Discomfort in a testicle
- Swelling on either testicle
- Pain in the scrotum
- Lower back pain, chest pain, shortness of breath
This type of cancer usually affects one testicle. In the early stages, a testicular tumor is only of the size of a pea. However, if it is left untreated, it can grow much larger. Pain in the testicle could be due to infection, known as orchitis. Bloody sputum or phlegm is often the symptom of later-stage testicular cancer. Some other testicular cancer symptoms include shortness of breath due to blood clot and swelling of one or both legs. For some young men, a blood clot is often the first sign of testicular cancer.
What is the Next Step?
It is important to consult a doctor immediately if you spot a lump or experience pain, hardness, enlargement, or tenderness of the testicle and the symptoms persist for over two weeks.
However, some testicular cancers may remain undetected until they have spread beyond the testes to other organs. If you are concerned about one or more of testicular cancer symptoms, it is best to talk to your doctor to diagnose the real cause of the problem and get timely treatment. This may be called supportive, palliative care or symptom management.
Testicular cancer occurs when healthy cells in a testicle start growing in a disorderly way and the overgrowth goes out of control. The cancer cells continue to multiply even when new cells aren’t needed. As a result, the accumulated cells turn into a mass in the testicle, which is known as tumor or cancerous growth.
Once the testicular cancer symptoms are diagnosed, the doctor will prescribe treatment to fight the cancer.
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