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What is Trichomoniasis?

What is Trichomoniasis? image

What is Trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease. It is cause by a parasite known as Trichomoniasis vaginalis. According to estimates, around 7.4 million people in America are infected by the parasite every year. Young, sexually active females are most commonly infected. However, the disease can easily be cured.


How Does one get Infected with Trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis spreads by having unprotected sex. It can also spread by sharing underwear, towels and sex toys. Any infected person who is sexually active can pass it to his partner.

The disease however, does not spread by kissing, hugging, having unnatural sex, sharing toilet seats, or eating from the same dish.

In women, Trichomoniasis usually affects the vagina and the urethra. In men, urethra is commonly infected. However, at times, the penis or the prostate gland may also get infected.


Symptoms of Trichomoniasis

The symptoms of infection usually appear within 4 to 6 weeks of exposure. However, in almost 50% of the cases, there are no symptoms of the disease.

The common symptoms seen in men are:

The common symptoms of Trichomoniasis in women include:


Diagnosis of Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is diagnosed when a swab taken from the vagina in women or urethral swab in men is tested in the laboratory and the organism is identified. The parasite is easier to detect in women as compared to men.


Treatment of Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is easily treated with a course of metronidazole taken twice a day for five to seven days. It is important that the whole course of antibiotic is completed even if the symptoms disappear. It is also important to treat both the partners simultaneously to kill the parasite and prevent re-infection.

Both the partners should avoid sex until the treatment is complete.


Complications of Trichomoniasis

A woman suffering from Trichomoniasis is more likely to get infected from other sexually transmitted diseases like HIV. If a woman is suffering from concurrent HIV infection and Trichomoniasis, she is more likely to transmit the HIV infection to her sex partner.

In case of pregnant women, Trichomoniasis can lead to premature rupture of membranes and early delivery.


Prevention of Trichomoniasis

Following precautions should be taken to prevent Trichomoniasis infection:




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