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Painful Bladder Syndrome

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Painful Bladder Syndrome

Painful bladder syndrome, also called as Interstitial Cystitis is a chronic medical condition characterized by recurrent pain in the bladder and the surrounding pelvic area associated with an increased urgency to urinate. The pain may vary from person to person and may change in intensity depending upon the amount of urine present in the urinary bladder.


Epidemiology of Painful Bladder Syndrome

Painful bladder syndrome is more commonly seen in women. It affects around 2.7% of all the women in the US. This comes to about 3.3 million US women. Around 1.3% of all men in the US, that is around 1.6 million men, are also affected by the condition.


Signs and Symptoms of Painful Bladder Syndrome

The signs and symptoms associated with the disease show marked person to person variation and can show periodic flaring in response to triggers like menstruation, exercise, sexual intercourse and stress.

Some of the common symptoms of painful bladder syndrome include:

The intensity of symptoms varies from time to time and there may be time intervals lasting for days to months which are completely pain free.

The symptoms of painful bladder syndrome mimic those of urinary tract infection. However, there is a fundamental difference between the two. Urine culture in case of painful bladder syndrome is sterile contrary to that in urinary tract infection. Hence, antibiotics have no role in its treatment.


Diagnosis of Painful Bladder Syndrome

There are some important features which help in establishing the diagnosis of painful bladder syndrome. They are:


Treatment of Painful Bladder Syndrome

As the reason behind the disease is not known, treatment is basically symptomatic and supportive in nature. It can be divided into two categories:


Medical Treatment of Painful Bladder Syndrome


Non-Medical Treatment of Painful Bladder Syndrome

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