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What we should know about Syphilis?

Syphilis Image

What we Should know about Syphilis?

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection which can have serious consequences if left untreated. It can be cured, but if left neglected, it can affect the brain, nervous system, and heart, and can even lead to death.

Syphilis is a bacterial infection that is caused by treponema pallidum. This bacteria cannot survive outside the human body. The syphilis bacteria can infect the penis, vagina, anus, urethra, lips, and mouth.


Stages of Syphilis Infection

The syphilis infection can be broadly classified into four basic stages which are listed below:


How does Syphilis Spread?

You can be infected by syphilis if you come in directly in contact with a syphilis sore during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. As syphilis sores are hidden inside the vagina, anus, foreskin of penis, and mouth, it is very difficult to know whether the sex partner has syphilis. Therefore, it is very easy to contact syphilis from a previously unknown sex partner.

Syphilis is also transmitted from a mother who is infected with syphilis to an unborn baby. Syphilis is often known as the great imitator as most of the symptoms of syphilis resemble the symptoms of other diseases. The painless sore of syphilis is often confused with an ingrown hair or a zipper cut.

Unprotected vaginal, oral, or anal sex increase the chances of getting syphilis for a person who is sexually active. A simple blood test is typically used to verify whether a person has been infected by syphilis.


Treatment of Syphilis

Syphilis, if detected early on, can be cured by taking appropriate antibiotics as prescribed by a health care provider. However, the treatment will not be able to undo the damage already done by the syphilis virus. A person who has been treated for syphilis can again get re-infected.





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